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Transport Layer Security (TLS) Alerts

ThousandEyes HTTP server tests allow users to detect and alert on common Transport Layer Security (TLS) issues, including missing or expired certificates, unsupported TLS versions, and weak or specific cipher suites. This section covers how to access TLS session information, and how to configure alerts.

Certificate Chains

See Certificate Chain Basics for more information.

TLS Session Information

TLS session information is displayed in a slide-out panel accessible by clicking the Details link in the Response column in the Table view:

The panel displays the TLS version, cipher suite, certificate chain, and details about each certificate in the chain, as well as separate tabs for the HTTP request and response headers:

When a TLS error is detected, the Details link mentioned above is moved from the Response column to the Error column, and follows a summary description of the error found. The example image below shows that a certificate has expired:

When the Details link is clicked, the slide-out panel provides details of the error:

TLS Alert Rule Configuration

To configure an alert rule for TLS information:

  1. Either open an existing HTTP server alert rule, or create a new one (see Creating and Editing Alert Rules for more information).

  2. In the Alert Conditions section, open the drop-down menu, and select the desired condition:

    • Certificate
    • SSL Version
    • Cipher Suite
  3. Set the condition values:

    Alert ConditionOptionDescriptionValues
    Certificateexpires withinDefines the number of days before certificate expiry the alert should trigger.Number of days (default value is 30)
    SSL VersioninSends an alert if the SSL version used is in the defined list. Multiple versions can be selected at once.
    • TLS 1.0
    • TLS 1.1
    • TLS 1.2
    • TLS 1.3
    not inSends an alert if the SSL version used is not in the defined list. Multiple versions can be selected at once.
    • TLS 1.0
    • TLS 1.1
    • TLS 1.2
    • TLS 1.3
    Cipher Suiteis weakTriggers an alert if the cipher suite is considered weak/not recommended. See Recommended Cipher Suites below for more information.N/A
    not in

    Triggers an alert for any cipher suites in a comma separated list.

    Important: ThousandEyes uses the OpenSSL naming convention for cipher suites, which is different from the IANA naming convention.

    See Recommended Cipher Suites for IANA-OpenSSL cipher suite name mappings.
  4. Optional: Click the Plus icon and repeat steps two and three to configure additional TLS alert conditions.

  5. Click Create New Alert Rule or Save Changes to save the alert rule.

The example below shows each of the TLS options configured:

The table below is a list of recommended cipher suites:

IANA NameOpen SSL NameRFC
TLS_DHE_PSK_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256DHE-PSK-CHACHA20-POLY1305RFC7905
TLS_ECDHE_PSK_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256ECDHE-PSK-CHACHA20-POLY1305RFC7905
TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256DHE-RSA-CHACHA20-POLY1305RFC7905
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256ECDHE-ECDSA-CHACHA20-POLY1305RFC7905
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256ECDHE-RSA-CHACHA20-POLY1305RFC7905
TLS_DHE_PSK_WITH_AES_256_CCMDHE-PSK-AES256-CCMRFC6655
TLS_DHE_PSK_WITH_AES_128_CCMDHE-PSK-AES128-CCMRFC6655
TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CCMDHE-RSA-AES256-CCMRFC6655
TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CCMDHE-RSA-AES128-CCMRFC6655
TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CCM_8DHE-RSA-AES256-CCM8RFC6655
TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CCM_8DHE-RSA-AES128-CCM8RFC6655
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384ECDHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384RFC5289
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256RFC5289
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384ECDHE-ECDSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384RFC5289
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256ECDHE-ECDSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256RFC5289
TLS_AES_128_CCM_SHA256TLS_AES_128_CCM_SHA256RFC8446
TLS_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256TLS_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256RFC8446
TLS_AES_256_GCM_SHA384TLS_AES_256_GCM_SHA384RFC8446
TLS_AES_128_GCM_SHA256TLS_AES_128_GCM_SHA256RFC8446
TLS_DHE_PSK_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384DHE-PSK-AES256-GCM-SHA384RFC5487
TLS_DHE_PSK_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256DHE-PSK-AES128-GCM-SHA256RFC5487
TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384DHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384RFC5288
TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256DHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256RFC5288

Troubleshooting

See Chain Validation Failure Scenarios for more information.

Caveats

  • If the target site uses HTTP/2 and issues at least one redirect, and the last request is to the same domain as the previous request, then the certificates will be lost.